Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)
It is often said that India is a land of achievers. India has produced and is producing people who matter most universally in the list of great achievers. Swami Vivekananda finds a prominent position. He was a person who advocated patriotism and Hindutva as a way of life and made India proud. He highlighted the spirit of the Hinduism in the eyes of the modern world. He also treated people following other religious equal is, in fact, the essence of the Hinduism.His achievement and his personality are guiding factors in shaping one’s life.
He was a genius from the beginning. His principal prof. W.W.Hastie once said,”I have traveled far and wide but I have never yet come across a lad so brilliant and talented as Narendranath”. He is bound to make his mark in life. This Narendra later comes to be called Vivekananda.
At the age of 17, he came under the influence of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. This led to his taking a different path in life. He proclaimed the principle of Vedanta to the world after Ramakrishna.
He announced that India needed a religion, which makes it possible and this is possible through man making education.
The meaning of education:
Vivekananda believed that education is the manifestation of the perfection already existing in man.
According to Vivekananda, real education is that training by which the current and the expression of will are brought under control.
He stressed positive education. He felt that the existing system of education provided only negative education an education which took us far far away from our culture, religion and original thinking. It did not train our will and inner conscience.
Aims of education:
Vivekananda recommends the following aims of education:
- Creation of self-confidence and self-realization.
- Formation of character
- Development of physique
- Development of personality
- Service of mankind
- Vocational aim
Vivekananda has much to instruct the teachers. The personal life of the teacher is more important than the knowledge of possesses. The teacher must have a missionary zeal and angelic motive behind his act of teaching.
A selfish person can’t be a teacher so selflessness, social concern, and dedication depth study, poverty, sacrifice love for children.
We want that education by which character is formed, the strength of mind is increased. The intellect is expanded and by which one can stand on one’s feet.